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directions found in The Journal of the American Chemical Society
Volume 60, page 1325 (1938). Propionic acid will never be a
restricted chemical because it has such wide use as a means to kill
fungus and mold growing on stored grain.
To do the reaction, a 250 ml flask and a dropping funnel are first
thoroughly dried, then a magnetic stirring bar is placed in the flask,
followed by 16 ml of pyridine and 25 ml of benzene. If there is a
question as to whether the pyridine or benzene are completely free of
Practical LSD Manufacture
water, the pryridine should be dried by adding some KOH pellets to
the jug of pyridine, and the benzene dried azeotropically by distilling
off 10% of it, and using the residue.
Now to the stirred solution, rapidly add 9.25 grams (8.75 ml) of
propionyl chloride. This causes a small rise in temperature, and
pyridium complex conies out of solution.
Then, with continued
stirring, add 7.4 grams (7.4 ml) of propionic acid over a period of 5
minutes from a dropping funnel. This causes the solution to get hot,
and pyridine hydrochloride comes out of solution.
The stirring is continued for an additional 10 minutes, then the
pyridine hydrochloride is filtered out in a Buchner funnel.
This should be
done rapidly, and on a dry day, because the pyridine hydrochloride is
very hygroscopic, and will melt. The filter cake of pyridine
hydrochloride should then be quickly rinsed with dry benzene, and the
combined filtrate should be concentrated under a vacuum, using
steam or hot water to heat the flask. When the benzene and pyridine
have distilled off, they will be followed by the product, propionic
anhydride, boiling at about 70° C under a typical aspirator vacuum of 20
torr. This product may be contaminated with some propionic acid, and
it can be removed by redistilling the product through a
fractionating column, either at normal pressure or under a vacuum.
Propionic acid boils at 141° C, while the anhydride boils at 168° C at
10 Solvent Management
A cursory reading of this text will make it plain to everyone that
the production of LSD involves heavy usage of solvents.
defatting and extraction of the crops to the crystallization of pure
LSD, a variety of solvents must be used in large amounts relative to
the product to get a fairly pure product.
"Fairly pure product"... how we starved masses long for such a
thing. Back in the 70s when I dropped my first doses of acid, the
stories were already impossibly ingrained in the consuming public's
mind that the acid was cut with speed or strychnine.
All of the stories
are easily disproved, yet they persist to this day. If the entire weight of a
blotter paper was made of pure meth or strychnine, its effect would be
less than pronounced. The truth of the matter is that lysergicsimilar
compounds contaminating the LSD are responsible for these
undesirable effects. From clavine alkaloids to unh
The Encyclopedia of Addictive Drugs will save readers many hours of time that
would otherwise be spent tracking down basic facts in science journals and
libraries. This book is useful to a wide variety of persons—from a student
doing a term paper to reporters preparing a story, from parents reading that
story to a narcotics law enforcement officer needing extra information for a
In writing this book the approach has been multidisciplinary, meaning that
perspectives from several fields of research have been pulled together. The
same substance may mean different things to a chemist, a biologist, a physician,
or an anthropologist. Thousands of scientific reports were sifted for information
and concepts that will be meaningful to readers seeking basic
information about specific substances and about drugs in general.
The core of this book is an alphabetical listing of substances. Some are not
ordinarily thought of as drugs, but all have been misused in ways indistinguishable
from drug abuse. While information in the individual listings and
elsewhere may refer to various physical effects, such information does not
constitute medical advice. Anyone with a medical difficulty needs to consult
a medical practitioner, not this book.
In addition to meaty information about what drugs do, this book includes
trivia that might interest, for example, a student preparing a report or a homework
assignment. For instance, some individual listings of drugs mention
little-known military usage that might intrigue teens interested in the armed
forces. Some experiments are mentioned not because they are necessary to
know about, but because they might add depth to a term paper or inspire a
student to pursue a new angle. Material about effects on pregnancy is inherently
important but might also have special interest for female readers.
In addition to alphabetical listings of substances, this book includes a section
about drug types in which substances are arranged in general categories, such
2 The Encyclopedia of Addictive Drugs
as stimulants, with further grouping by classes of stimulants (amphetamine,
anorectic, cocaine, pyridine alkaloid). Such an arranging of drugs puts them
in a broader context of information. A chemist knows that a certain element
has particular characteristics because of its place in the periodic table, and a
biologist knows that a certain organism will have particular characteristics
because of its species classification. A reader of this book can automatically
glean information about an individual substance because of the way it is classified.
For example, everything said in this book about stimulants applies to
the class of stimulants known as amphetamines; everything said about amphetamines
applies to the particular drug methamphetamine. (Substances
printed in bold have main entries in this book’s alphabetical section.) A reader
familiar with basics about stimulants and who only needs a few specifics about
methamphetamine can quickly find those details. A reader who needs to understand
more about the general nature of stimulants can find that background
information as well. Persons desiring to go deeper than the summaries
of scientific information in alphabetical entries can consult reliable sources
listed at the end of each entry. Many of those sources list still more references.
This book concludes with a guide to finding general information about
drugs. Here readers are directed not only to ostensibly neutral sources of
information but also to sources taking explicit and differing stances on various
aspects of drug use.
The index lists street names and other alternate names (used in various
communities at various times), giving page numbers where information can
be found about those drugs.
Descriptions of individual drugs in the alphabetical section of this book
present the scientific consensus about those substances, based mainly upon
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